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Stanisław GROMADZKI – Deliverance or Self-Loss? An Essay on the Category of Friendship in the Life and Work of Friedrich Nietzsche

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The present essay provides a groundwork for the study of the category of friendship in the life and works of Friedrich Nietzsche. The issue in question may be considered on numerous levels and the main presumption behind the present research is that of a close connection between the life and work of Nietzsche. The key role in this respect seems to be played by the philosopher’s correspondence.

Apart from an outline of the problem and a presentation of the scale of Nietzsche’s friendships the text comprises an analysis of the speech on friendship found in Thus Spoke Zarathustra. The vision of friendship evoked there may be considered as that of an ideal friendship and, indeed, it was perceived as such by Carl Gustav Jung, who put forward the thesis that the Nietzschean ideal in this respect was simply unattainable, and that Nietzsche himself, due to his neurotic personality, was incapable of friendship.

Karl Jasepers, however, expressed a contrary opinion, pointing to the exceptional role of Nietzsche’s friendships in the philosopher’s life. According to Jaspers, a study of Nietzsche’s numerous friendships is an indispensable tool to explore both his personality and the core of his ideas. While the question of Nietzsche’s neuroticism remains unsolvable, the fact that he approached the subject of friendship in his various biographical entanglements as well as in
his prose points to the possibility of an interesting research thread which may contribute to his more “humane” image.

Translated by Dorota Chabrajska

Keywords: Friedrich Nietzsche, friendship, loneliness, Carl Gustav Jung, Karl Jaspers, psychoanalysis

Institute of Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy and Sociology, University of Warsaw,
ul. Krakowskie Przedmieście 3, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
E-mail: s.gromadzki@uw.edu.pl
http://bibliografi a.icm.edu.pl/g2/main.pl?mod=s&a=1&s=9435&imie=Stanis%B3aw&nazwisko=Gromadzki

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  1. ISSN 0860-8024
  2. e-ISSN 2720-5355
  3. The Republic of Poland Ministry of Science and Higher Education Value: 100.00
  4. Quarterly “Ethos” is indexed by the following databases: EBSCO, CEEOL, Index Copernicus (ICV 2017: 55.26), Philosopher’s Index, ERIH Plus.
  5. DOI Prefix 10.12887