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DOI 10.12887/31-2018-1-121-06



Katarzyna BALBUZA – The Coins of Titus: Some Remarks on Roman Restitution Coins


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The restitution coins struck during the reign of Titus, the earliest coins in the category of nummi restituti, commemorated Titus’s eminent predecessors, the Roman Senate as a political institution, as well as some types of early Caesarean coins. Arguably, this restitution coinage played a role in disseminating the ideology of the power of Titus, and it served his self-presentation, thus contributing to the image of a ruler who took power in a legal way. On the one hand, the restitution coins in question emphasized Titus’s status and role, consisting in: providence (Providentia), commitment to the State, prevention of domestic conflicts, victoriousness (the coins show him as a continuator of the early viri triumphales tradition), concern for peace (Pax), and freedom (Libertas). One the other hand, the restitution coins underscored the political succession to the throne (Providentia). Owing to his attributes, perpetuated in the restitution coins, and to the legitimacy of his rule, the Caesar guaranteed unbroken continuity of the State.

Translated by Dorota Chabrajska

Keywords: nummi restituti, restitution coins, Roman coins, viri triumphales, Titus, Flavian dynasty

The author and the editors of Ethos thank the Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., https://www.cngcoins.com/, for kind consent to use its images.

Contact: The Department of History of Ancient Societies, Institute of History,
Faculty of Historical Studies, Adam-Mickiewicz University,
ul. Umultowska 89d, room 3.155,
61-614 Poznań, Poland

E-mail: balbuza@amu.edu.pl
Phone: +48 61 8291513
http://historia.amu.edu.pl/index.php/pracownicy/153-balbuza-katarzyna-



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  1. ISSN 0860-8024
  2. The Republic of Poland Ministry of Science and Higher Education Value: 20.00
  3. Quarterly “Ethos” is indexed by the following databases: EBSCO, CEEOL, Index Copernicus (ICV 2017: 55.26), Philosopher’s Index, ERIH Plus.
  4. DOI Prefix 10.12887