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DOI 10.12887/32-2019-1-125-06





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Since Plato, philosophy has been strengthening both its status and instrumentarium by reference to seeing rather than listening. Platonic ideas were seeable—not for the senses, but for the intellect—and thus their authenticity could be guaranteed on the basis of scientific knowledge (episteme) and not just as a common belief (doxa). This led, however, to the appropriation of the philosophical space, the subject (‘I’) becoming the superior instance and arbitrator of authenticity that laid the claim to express its opinions on the object (‘It’) and to verify any objective knowledge. In consequence, another subject would also have to become an object—one of many, even if doubtlessly specific. Such a subject was no longer capable of perceiving—within the realm of philosophical problems—anything which was neither a subject, i.e., mental substance (res cogitans), nor an object (res extensa). Therefore, anything that could not be classified into either of the two categories appropriating the philosophical reality had to disappear from the subject’s field of vision. However, philosophical thinking about man requires considering such categories as ‘human person’ or ‘neighbor.’ They cannot be ‘seen,’ even if we refer to intellectual abstraction, and yet ignoring them deprives the discourse on man of its credibility. The prerequisite to overcoming this inconvenience is to open oneself to ‘You’—not by seeing it, but hearing the call that ‘You’ sends towards ‘I.’

Keywords: listening, dialogical relation, person, freedom and responsibility

Contact: Katedra Filozofii Współczesnej, Instytut Filozofii, Wydział Filozoficzno-Historyczny, Uniwersytet Łódzki, ul. Narutowicza 65, 90-131 Łódź, Poland
E-mail: witoldpiotrporycki@o2.pl
Phone: +48 42 6356129; +48 508084712
http://filozof.uni.lodz.pl/staff/dr-hab-witold-glinkowski-prof-ul/



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» 125_Glinkowski.pdf


  1. ISSN 0860-8024
  2. The Republic of Poland Ministry of Science and Higher Education Value: 20.00
  3. Quarterly “Ethos” is indexed by the following databases: EBSCO, CEEOL, Index Copernicus (ICV 2017: 55.26), Philosopher’s Index, ERIH Plus.
  4. DOI Prefix 10.12887