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DOI 10.12887/34-2021-2-134-10

Magdalena SAGANIAK, Langage: Linguistic Competence, as seen in the light of Linguistic, Philosophical, and Literary Research

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The author scrutinizes the terms: langage, langue, and parole, as used by Ferdinand de Saussure. Langage is interpreted as an exclusively human creative activity, which can be compared to the rationality described by Herder, and to the energeia described by Wilhelm von Humboldt. The description of the ability in question involves noetic and noematic analysis, originally proposed by Husserl as a tool to differentiate between internal and external experience and to ‘construct’ the external world. The author proceeds to demonstrate that the Husserlian analysis can be used also for the purpose of explaining the origin of language as such, as well as the origin of so-called poetic language. In the concluding part of the paper, the author considers the issue of how de Saussure’s theory of language relates to certain types of relativism.

Keywords: Ferdinand de Saussure, langue—parole—langage, logos, energeia, poetic language, consciousness, linguistic relativism, anti-relativism

Contact: Zakład Metodologii Badań Literackich, Instytut Filologii Polskiej, Wydział Nauk Humanistycznych, Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego, ul. Dewajtis 5, 01-815 Warsaw, Poland
E-mail: m.saganiak@uksw.edu.pl
Phone: +48 22 561 89 51

  1. ISSN 0860-8024
  2. e-ISSN 2720-5355
  3. The Republic of Poland Ministry of Science and Higher Education Value: 100.00
  4. Quarterly “Ethos” is indexed by the following databases: EBSCO, CEEOL, Index Copernicus (ICV 2017: 55.26), Philosopher’s Index, ERIH Plus.
  5. DOI Prefix 10.12887