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DOI 10.12887/27-2014-2-106-06

Paul RICOEUR – Violence and Language (trans. P. Mikulska)

Cena brutto: 7,00 PLN

The author analyses the opposition, fundamental for the human existence, of the coherent discourse and violence, indicating the examples of the use of language (speech) in politics, poetry, and philosophy. From this analysis he draws a theoretical conclusion that finality is a necessary characteristics of language, while the reduction of language to instrumental intelligence serves violence. He also claims that the problem of violence in speech can be solved only by understanding the speaking subject and by studying language not only in the aspect of its structure, but also in that of its meaning. The author also formulates practical guidelines of the good use of language in the face of violence. He claims that it is necessary to affirm the theoretical truth, basic for his analysis, about the radical opposition between coherent discourse and violence, to bear witness to this truth as an imperative, and to practice non-violent discourse, i.e., to respect multiplicity and diversity of languages, as well as their hierarchy.

Summarized by Patrycja Mikulska

Keywords: language, violence, speech, coherent discourse, instrumental intelligence, subject, finality of language

The present article is a Polish translation of the paper Violence et langage delivered by Paul Ricoeur at the Semaine des Intellectuels Catholiques organized by the Centre Catholiques des Intellectuels Francais (Paris, 1-7 Feb. 1967). It was originally published in Recherches et Débats 59: 1967, pp. 86-94.
For the English translation see Paul Ricoeur, “Violence and Language”, trans. J. Bien, in Paul Ricoeur, Political and Social Essays, ed. D. Stuart & J. Bien (Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1974, 88-101).

Pliki do pobrania:

» Ricoeur.pdf

  1. ISSN 0860-8024
  2. The Republic of Poland Ministry of Science and Higher Education Value: 20.00
  3. Quarterly “Ethos” is indexed by the following databases: EBSCO, CEEOL, Index Copernicus (ICV 2017: 55.26), Philosopher’s Index, ERIH Plus.
  4. DOI Prefix 10.12887